Highway Planning and Construction

Federal-aid Highway Program: To assist the States in providing for construction, preservation, and improvement of highways and bridges on eligible Federal-Aid routes, (including the National Highway System (NHS) - an integrated, interconnected transportation system important to interstate commerce and

credit: Wikipedia
travel), and for other special purpose programs and projects..

This program also provides for the construction and improvement of highways in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S.

Virgin Islands.

The Federal Lands Highway Program: The Federal Lands Transportation Program (FLTP) provides assistance to the Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMAs) for Federally-owned roads and trails.

It provides transportation engineering services and funding for planning, design, construction, and rehabilitation of the highways and bridges that are on or provide access to federally owned lands.

The Federal Lands Highway organization also provides training, technology deployment, and engineering services to other customers.

The FAST Act established two new freight programs: the formula-based National Highway Freight Program (NHFP) which provides funds to the States to improve efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network (NHFN); and the discretionary Nationally Significant Freight and Highway Projects (NSFHP) program which provides targeted investment to freight projects on the NHFN as well as highway and bridge projects on the NHS and railway-highway grade crossing or grade separation projects.

The FAST Act also continues to focus the program on safety and performance-based investment and on accelerating project delivery through expedited environmental review and elimination of duplicate processes.
Related Programs

Examples of Funded Projects

Fiscal Year 2016: Colorado: Reconstruct the US 34 Big Thompson Canyon corridor, which serves as the access to Rocky Mountain National Park) from Loveland to Estes Park. Washington: Westbound I-90 between Peoh Road Bridge and Elk Heights Road ? Replace/Rehab Concrete Pavement.

Construction Contract Amount $17,712,492.11 Maryland: MD 5 at Brandywine Road (MD 373/MD381) interchange construction.

The project will be awarded soon.

EE$34.2 M.

Fiscal Year 2017: Budget Fiscal Year 2017 project awards will be similar to previous year awards.

Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available


Agency - Department of Transportation

The Department of Transportation's mission is to ensure fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation that meets vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.

Office - See Regional Agency Offices.

See Local Agency Offices Additional Information: Multiple, see www.fhwa.dot.gov for specific State offices.

State-level division offices of the Federal Highway Administration (as listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog) or State transportation agencies.

152 Headquarters Office:.

Relevant Nonprofit Program Categories





Selected Recipients for this Program


RecipientAmount Start DateEnd Date
Transportation, Tennessee Department Of $ 228,646   2015-08-032023-09-30
Shinnecock Indian Nation Fund, Inc $ 12,000   2014-06-012023-09-30
Highway & Transportation Authority, Puerto Rico $ 45,580   2016-04-142023-09-30
Transportation, Tennessee Department Of $ 164,233   2016-07-062023-09-30
Coushatta Tribe Of Louisiana $ 1,704,655   2011-09-212022-12-31
Coushatta Tribe Of Louisiana $ 49,966   2011-01-012022-12-31
District Of Columbia, Government Of $ 685,000   2017-09-012022-09-01
Transportation, Wisconsin Department Of $ 135,132   2019-03-252022-08-30
Penobscot Indian Nation $ 270,725   2019-03-052022-03-05
Transportation, Georgia Department Of $ 3,120,000   2014-09-182021-09-30



Program Accomplishments

Fiscal Year 2016: Colorado: Reconstruct the US 34 Big Thompson Canyon corridor, which serves as the access to Rocky Mountain National Park) from Loveland to Estes Park. Washington: Westbound I-90 between Peoh Road Bridge and Elk Heights Road ? Replace/Rehab Concrete Pavement. Construction Contract Amount $17,712,492.11 Maryland: MD 5 at Brandywine Road (MD 373/MD381) interchange construction. The project will be awarded soon. EE$34.2 M. Fiscal Year 2017: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2018: No Current Data Available

Uses and Use Restrictions

Required Fields Missing: The following required fields have not been filled out on previous steps.

Please go back and fill out all required fields before you can submit:  Actual data is required in program accomplishments for fiscal year 2016 Program Information Federal Agency: Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) 010 Title: Highway Planning and Construction 020 Popular Name: (Federal-Aid Highway Program, Federal Lands Highway Program).

040 Authorization: Act: Fixing America?s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) Public Law: No.

114-94 Statute: U.S.C Title: 23 Section: 104 050 Objectives: Federal-aid Highway Program: To assist the States in providing for construction, preservation, and improvement of highways and bridges on eligible Federal-Aid routes, (including the National Highway System (NHS) - an integrated, interconnected transportation system important to interstate commerce and travel), and for other special purpose programs and projects..

This program also provides for the construction and improvement of highways in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the U. S. Virgin Islands.

The Federal Lands Highway Program: The Federal Lands Transportation Program (FLTP) provides assistance to the Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMAs) for Federally-owned roads and trails.

It provides transportation engineering services and funding for planning, design, construction, and rehabilitation of the highways and bridges that are on or provide access to federally owned lands.

The Federal Lands Highway organization also provides training, technology deployment, and engineering services to other customers.

The FAST Act established two new freight programs: the formula-based National Highway Freight Program (NHFP) which provides funds to the States to improve efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network (NHFN); and the discretionary Nationally Significant Freight and Highway Projects (NSFHP) program which provides targeted investment to freight projects on the NHFN as well as highway and bridge projects on the NHS and railway-highway grade crossing or grade separation projects.

The FAST Act also continues to focus the program on safety and performance-based investment and on accelerating project delivery through expedited environmental review and elimination of duplicate processes..

060 Types of Assistance: A - FORMULA GRANTS, B - PROJECT GRANTS 070 Uses and Use Restrictions Describe how assistance can potentially be used: Most Federal-aid highway funds are apportioned to the States by statutory formulas.

They are generally restricted to public roads that are not functionally classified as rural minor collectors or local roads.

Planning and research activities, bridges, tunnels, bicycle and pedestrian paths, safety improvements on any public road, non-motorized transportation, the FLTP, and public transportation improvement are some exceptions to the highway functional classification restriction..

Federal-aid highway funds may be used for environmental studies, engineering and design services, right-of-way acquisition and relocation assistance, and construction for capital improvement projects classified as new construction, reconstruction, restoration, rehabilitation, resurfacing and preservation, or for functional, geometric, or safety reasons.

Funds may also be used for planning; research, development, and technology transfer; intelligent transportation systems projects; roadside beautification; wetland and natural habitat mitigation; traffic management and control improvements; improvements necessary to accommodate other transportation modes; development and implementation of performance and asset management systems; billboard removal; construction of bicycle facilities and pedestrian walkways; fringe and corridor parking; car pool and van pool projects; transportation alternatives and enhancements such as scenic and historic highway improvements; and recreational trails.

Funds generally cannot be used for routine highway operational activities, such as police patrols, mowing, snow plowing, litter control, or maintenance, unless it is preventative maintenance.

Funding from the National Highway Performance Program (NHPP) is generally limited to projects on the NHS, which includes the Eisenhower Interstate System.

Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBG) funds may be used on any Federal-aid highway or for bridges and tunnels on any public road.

Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program funds are limited to projects and programs that reduce transportation related emissions air quality non-attainment and maintenance areas for ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter, though provision is made for States without air quality issues.

Eligibility criteria for the various programs differ, so program guidance should be consulted.

Federal -aid highway projects in metropolitan areas must be based on a transportation planning process carried out by a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) in cooperation with the State, local officials, and transit operators.

The projects must be included in the metropolitan transportation plan (MTP) and the transportation improvement program (TIP).

Projects in non-metropolitan areas of a State must be consistent with a statewide transportation plan.

Projects in both metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas must also be included in a fiscally constrained Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) developed as part of the required statewide transportation planning process.

The FHWA and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) must approve the STIP jointly.

Projects under the FLTP are also subject to metropolitan and statewide planning requirements.

Funding from the NHFP is generally limited to projects that contribute to the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network (NHFN), and are consistent with metropolitan and statewide transportation planning requirements.

Beginning December 4, 2017, there are additional planning requirements related to the NHFP in that a State may not obligate NHFP funds apportioned to the State unless the State has developed a State Freight Plan (SFP).

The NHFP strategically directs resources and policies to present solutions and strategies to address the infrastructure, institutional, and financial bottlenecks that hinder the safe and efficient movement of goods.

NHFP funds may be obligated for one or more of the following: development phase activities including planning, feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other preconstruction activities.

construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition of real property (including land relating to the project and improvements to land), construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and operational improvements directly relating to improving system performance, intelligent transportation systems and other technology to improve the flow of freight, including intelligent freight transportation systems, efforts to reduce the environmental impacts of freight movement, environmental and community mitigation for freight movement, railway-highway grade separation, geometric improvements to interchanges and ramps, truck-only lanes climbing and runaway truck lanes, adding or widening of shoulders, truck parking facilities.

real-time traffic, truck parking, roadway condition, and multimodal transportation information systems, electronic screening and credentialing systems for vehicles, including weigh-in-motion truck inspection technologies traffic signal optimization, including synchronized and adaptive signals, work zone management and information systems, highway ramp metering, electronic cargo and border security technologies that improve truck freight movement intelligent transportation systems that would increase truck freight efficiencies inside the boundaries of intermodal facilities, additional road capacity to address highway freight bottlenecks, physical separation of passenger vehicles from commercial motor freight, enhancement of the resiliency of critical highway infrastructure, including highway infrastructure that supports national energy security, to improve the flow of freight, a highway or bridge project to improve the flow of freight on the NHFN .

In addition, a State may use up to 10% of the total fiscal year State apportionment under NHFP for freight intermodal or freight rail projects; including projects within the boundaries of public or private freight rail or water facilities (including ports), and that provide surface transportation infrastructure necessary to facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and access into or out of the facility..

In addition to the NHFP formula program; the FAST Act establishes the Nationally Significant Freight and Highway Projects (NSFHP) program to provide financial assistance?competitive grants, known as FASTLANE grants, or credit assistance?to nationally and regionally significant freight and highway projects that align with the program goals to?improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the movement of freight and people; generate national or regional economic benefits and an increase in global economic competitiveness of the U.S; reduce highway congestion and bottlenecks; improve connectivity between modes of freight transportation; enhance the resiliency of critical highway infrastructure and help protect the environment; improve roadways vital to national energy security; and address the impact of population growth on the movement of people and freight.

Program requirements and restrictions are contained in Title 23 United States Code.

The NSFHP program provides discretionary grants to nationally and regionally significant freight and highway projects that align with the program goals.

The authorized amounts are: $800 million for FY 2016; $850 for FY 2017; $900 million for FY 2018; $950 million for FY 2019; and $1 billion for FY 2020.

There are also discretionary funds remaining from previous authorizations, which may remain available until expended.

Eligibility Requirements

Applicant Eligibility

By law, the Federal-aid highway program is a federally assisted State administered program that requires each State to have a suitably equipped and organized transportation department.

Therefore, most projects are administered by or through State transportation departments (State DOTs).

Projects to be funded under the Federal-aid highway program are generally selected by State DOTs or MPOs, in cooperation with appropriate local officials, as specified in 23 U.S.C.

and implementing regulations.

Territorial highway projects are funded in the similar manner as other Federal aid highway projects, with the territorial transportation agency functioning in a manner similar to a State transportation department.

Most FLTP projects are administered by the FHWA Office of Federal Lands Highway and its Divisions or by the various FLMAs.

Beneficiary Eligibility

State transportation departments, and in some instances, Federal agencies, other State agencies, local agencies, and private, community-based organizations.

Credentials/Documentation

Eligible activities and allowable costs will be determined in accordance with Title 23 and the OMB cost principles applicable to the recipient/sub-recipient. 2 CFR 200, Subpart E - Cost Principles applies to this program.

Aplication and Award Process

Preapplication Coordination

Environmental investigation, reviews, and consultations are required for most projects under this program and must comply with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, although the level of review varies with the project.

Concerning Executive Order 12372 -- Projects under the FLHP have similar requirements; however, an interested applicant would need to contact the designated FLMA or the local FLH Division for more information.

An environmental impact assessment is required for this program.

This program is eligible for coverage under E.O.

12372, 'Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs.' An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.

Application Procedures

2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards applies to this program. The FHWA has a Stewardship and Oversight Agreement with each State that details the extent to which the State assumes the responsibilities of the FHWA for projects in that State. States may assume the responsibilities of the FHWA for oversight of design and construction for projects that are on the NHS, including the Interstate System, unless the State or the FHWA determines that such assumption is not appropriate. For projects that are not on the NHS, the State shall assume the responsibilities of the FHWA for oversight of design and construction, unless the State determines that such assumption is not appropriate. The State DOT may be required to submit statements of work and plans, specifications, and estimates for certain projects to their respective FHWA division office for approval.

Award Procedures

The State DOTs generally decide which projects will be developed within funding categories and levels. The FHWA division office, located in each State, approves and executes a project agreement for each project before work can commence. There are several categories where funding is allocated at the discretion of the Secretary of Transportation and administered by the FHWA. When such funding is available, FHWA will solicit applications for candidate projects from the States. Projects administered by the FHWA Office of Federal Lands Highways or the FLMAs are subject to procurement processes identified in the Federal Acquisition Regulations. Project awards are subject the availability of funds.

Deadlines

Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.

Authorization

Fixing America?s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act), Public Law 114-94, 23 U.S.C 104.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

From 1 day to 5 months.

Appeals

Not Applicable.

Renewals

Not Applicable.

Assistance Considerations

Formula and Matching Requirements

Statutory Formula: Title 23, Part 104. Federal-aid highway funds are generally apportioned to the States by statutory formulas. Matching Requirements: Percent: 20%. Typically, 80% of costs are federally funded with a 20% matching requirement.. See 23 USC 120. Exceptions apply; contact FHWA for specific information. This program has MOE requirements, see funding agency for further details.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance

Federal-aid highway funds generally become available at the beginning of the fiscal year for which they are authorized and must be obligated within 3 years after the close of that fiscal year. However, some categories of funds are available until expended. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: For formula funds, FHWA issues a notice of apportionment on October 1 of each fiscal year based on the authorizing legislation and appropriations act (or continuing resolution) for the applicable year. Contract authority.

Post Assistance Requirements

Reports

No program reports are required.

No cash reports are required.

No progress reports are required.

SF-425.

The FHWA division office in each State is responsible for the stewardship of Federal?aid highway funds in that State.

They accomplish this using a variety of techniques ranging from program, process, and compliance reviews to involvement in individual Federal-aid projects.

State DOTs have assumed oversight responsibilities for most Federal-aid highway projects.

The FHWA division office will retain project approval actions that are either required by Law or based on a risk approach.

The FHWA division office also may retain additional project approval action or get involved in some projects that have been designated Projects of Division Interest based on a risk approach.

Certain non-construction activities, such as transportation planning, require periodic progress reports.

Similar procedures apply to the FLMAs and FLTP projects with the FHWA Office of Federal Lands Highways providing the mandatory stewardship and oversight.

Value engineering (VE) is required for Federal-aid projects on the National Highway System (NHS) with a cost of $50 million or more; Federal-aid bridge projects on the NHS with a cost of $40 million or more; and Federal-aid major projects on or off the NHS.

Although VE is not required on design-build projects, FHWA does encourage that agencies perform a VE analysis.

The FHWA Division Office may require VE reviews on projects below the minimum threshold if the project may benefit from the review.

For more information visit: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ve/.

Project sponsors must submit annual financial plans and project management plans to FHWA for all major projects.

A major project is defined as any project receiving Federal financial assistance for construction, with an estimated total cost of $500,000,000 or more.

In addition, project sponsors must prepare annual financial plans for all projects with an estimated total cost of $100,000,000 or more that are not designated as major projects.

These annual financial plans must be submitted upon request by FHWA Division Offices. The FAST Act requires FHWA to establish national performance measures and standards for safety, infrastructure condition, congestion reduction, system reliability, and freight movement.

State DOTs and MPOs will set individual performance targets and must make significant progress toward achieving targets established for the National Highway Performance Program and Highway Safety Improvement Program.

State DOTs will be required to periodically report to FHWA on their progress toward the achievement of their targets.

FHWA will use these progress reports and performance data to determine if the State DOT has made significant progress toward the achievement of their targets as well as meeting national standards.

Audits

In accordance with the provisions of 2 CFR 200, Subpart F - Audit Requirements, non-Federal entities that expend financial assistance of $750,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Non-Federal entities that expend less than $750,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in 2 CFR 200.503.

Records

Project records and documents must be retained by the State or other governmental recipients/ sub-recipients as specified in 2 CFR 200.333. For the Federal Lands Highway Program, the Federal Lands Highway Divisions maintain the project records.

Financial Information

Account Identification

69-8083-0-7-401.

Obigations

(Salaries) FY 16 $41,666,093,741; FY 17 est $42,227,818,530; and FY 18 est $43,895,324,916 - Part of this funding is used for salaries and expenses, but these obligation totals are not just for salaries.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

Federal-aid highway funds are provided to States on an annual basis, by a combination of statutory formula and discretionary allocation . The most recent authorization act is the Fixing America?s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act).

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature

23 CFR, 'Highways' and 49 CFR, 'Transportation', and 2 CFR 200, Grants and Agreements. http://www.fhwa.gov.

Information Contacts

Regional or Local Office

See Regional Agency Offices. See Local Agency Offices Additional Information: Multiple, see www.fhwa.dot.gov for specific State offices. State-level division offices of the Federal Highway Administration (as listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog) or State transportation agencies. 152 Headquarters Office:.

Headquarters Office

Peter Stephanos 1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E., Washington, District of Columbia 20590 Phone: (202) 366-0027

Criteria for Selecting Proposals

To be eligible, most projects must be located on public roads that are not functionally classified as minor rural collectors and local roads. The major exceptions are bridges not located on Federal-Aid highways; highway safety activities; bicycle and pedestrian projects, transportation alternatives and enhancement activities, the recreational trails program, and planning, research, development, and technology transfer. Proposed projects meeting these and other planning, design, environmental, safety, etc., requirements can be approved on the basis of State and local priorities within the limit of the funds apportioned or allocated to each State.




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