The United States gives great importance to the natural resources of the country, including federal lands and cultural heritage and native tribal communities. In fact, the federal government has constituted an independent agency that would be responsible for the management and conservation of these resources.
The responsibilities of the Department of the Interior include the management and conservation of federal lands and natural resources, including the administration of programs that are associated with Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and to insular areas of the United States.
In the year 1849, the United States Congress mandated the creation of the Department of the Interior, otherwise referred to as DOI. The Department of the Interior has broad range of scope and responsibilities.
These responsibilities include the management and conservation of federal lands and natural resources, the administration and implementation of programs that are associated with Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and to insular areas of the United States.
The Department of the Interior operates and administers its programs and services through its major operating divisions, specifically:
1) Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) - The BIA is the agency under the DOI responsible for the management and administration of 55,700,000 acres of land which are held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives.
2) Bureau of Land Management (BLM) - The department that is largely responsible for administering America's public lands to eligible individuals in an effort to sustain the health, diversity and productivity of such lands.
3) Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) - This department oversees the management of the country's oil resources, natural gas, along with various mineral resources found on the outer continental shelf.