Violence is a serious, yet preventable, public health problem.
Sexual violence (SV) and Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of women, men, and children.
In the United States, 1 in 4 women and 1 in 9 men experience contact sexual violence, physical violence, and/or stalking
by an intimate partner with a negative impact from this or other forms of violence in the relationship such as injury, fear, concern for safety, or needing services (Smith et al, 2017).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) data show many victims of IPV began experiencing these forms of violence prior to adulthood (Smith, et al, 2017).In 2013, Congress reauthorized the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), originally passed in 1994 to address sexual violence (SV).
This legislation established CDC’s Rape Prevention and Education (RPE) program, which funds state health departments to work on SV prevention activities.
CDC has funded the Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA) Program since 2002, authorized by the Family Violence and Prevention Services Act (FVPSA).
The DELTA program funds State Domestic Violence Coalitions (SDVCs) to work on IPV prevention activities.
Different iterations of DELTA have focused funding on increasing organizational capacity, implementation and evaluation of IPV primary prevention activities.The new iteration of RPE, Rape Prevention and Education:
A Public Health Approach to Sexual Violence Prevention (beginning 2/2019), and the new iteration of DELTA, DELTA Impact (started 3/2018), are both focusing on decreasing SV/IPV risk factors and increasing SV/IPV protective factors through the implementation and evaluation of prevention strategies based on the best available evidence.Also focusing on SV/IPV prevention is a collaboration between Division of Violence Prevention (DVP) and the Department of Defense (DoD).
In 2015, the Secretary of the Air Force authorized the hiring of Violence Prevention Integrators (VPIs) across Active Duty and Reserve installations in the U. S. and overseas.
The VPIs are responsible for integrating and coordinating all violence prevention activities on an installation.
An expansion of this concept is expected to be implemented across the DoD.The purpose of this funding announcement is to support a cross-cutting (SV, IPV) peer learning violence prevention platform that uses multiple communication channels, including interactive web conferences, podcasts, interactive listserv, and social media to build and strengthen violence prevention systems and collaborative efforts at the national, state and local levels.
The E-Learning Collaborative will facilitate opportunities for dissemination and sharing of guidance and information to help both CDC recipients and national prevention practitioners share, connect, and enhance their skills and capacity to prevent sexual violence and intimate partner violence.